South Sulawesi
 
South Sulawsei is one of the province on the island. It is one of the most prominent province both economically and politically. Makassar is the capitol town of the province. It is also the gate way of the island as there is international airport of Hasanuddin which has international regular flights.

The province offers rich variety of tourism interests. It offers beautiful nature and cultural delights. Toraja is part of the province. in this page you will find the places of interest in the province excluded Toraja as it is described on independent pages.

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Makassar - the capitol town of South Sulawesi Provice is best known for its fresh and delicious seafoods, especially the Bugis style ikan bakar or barbequed fish. Try the specialty fish of the region, the Baronang - its tender white flesh and subtle taste is a favourite especially when eaten with the tantalising Bugis sauce, a taste-tingling blend of palm sugar, basil, green tomatoes, chill) and other secret ingredients.

There are various typical food of Makassar, most of them served warm. The well known ones are:
  • Coto Makassar
  • Konro
  • Sop Saudara
  • Palubsa
Other Sulawesi favourites are the tangy marquisa fruit from the cool mountain areas of Mamasa and Malino. Even if the marquisa is out of season, you can take home the delicious bottled syrup. Toraja kopi (coffee) is much appreciated by the Japanese and both arabica and robusta strains grow in Toraja mountain plant.

Somba Opu shopping area
Here, the superb craftsmanship and reasonable prices of the glittering gold jewellery make it a haven for people from all over Indonesia. Also keep a look out for the lovely filigree silver jewellery and beautifully crafted models of pinisi, becaks and various other icons of Sulawesi life, all at reasonable prices. There is also a plethora of souvenir shops and shops selling antique Bugis silver, antique celadon stoneware from China, brilliant Bugis silks, carved wooden figures and carved Toraja crafts. Cheaply-priced clothes, bed linens, shoes, travel gear and denims are all available at unbelievable prices at the main shopping area of Sentral.

Benteng Ujung Pandang (Fort Rotterdam)
It  is a historical remain of a former mighty kingdom in Sulawesi. Sulawesi's most powerful and prosperous kingdom in 17th century was Gowa, whose capital was nearby  Makassar.   The kingdom had 17 fortresses to protect its capital and surrounding areas. In 1667 when  Gowa was defeated by the Dutch all the fortresses were destroyed, but Benteng Somba Opu and Benteng Ujung Pandang. Two years later Benteng Somba Opu was totally destroyed by the Dutch.

Benteng Ujung Pandang was initially built in 1545 by the tenth King of Gowa, I Manriogai Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakiung also known as Karaeng Tunipalangga Ulaweng. The basic shape of the fortress was quadrangular of Portuguese architecture and made of clay of the same model of the 16th and 17th century of European fortresses. The fort with additional protrusion on the basic shape, looks like a turtle. Some sources say that the shape as turtle symbolizing the kingdom of Gowa which controls both sea and land like turtles, live in the sea but nest it eggs in the land.

During the occupation of the Dutch, the fortress was rebuild and renamed as Fort Rotterdam. At the time the fort became the center of government and trade. During the occupation of Japan the fort functioned as the center of agricultural and language studies. Today the buildings in the fort contains the Historical and Archeological Institute, Conservatory of Dance and Music, Art Development Services, and the State Museum.

The museum displays the province's history, manuscripts, statues ceramics, traditional customs and other cultural materials of all ethnic groups in South Sulawesi and Tourist Information Service. This place is located at about 1 km away from Losari Beach, and it can be reached by public transportation.

Somba Opu Fort South Sulawesi in Miniature
At present,  the  Somba  Opu  Fort   is  in process of renovation  with  the  objective  of   making  it  is a cultural  center  that  will  be called the Miniature of South Sulawesi.   There are various traditional houses built to represent ethnics who inhabit the province. Traditional houses of the kingdoms of Gowa, Bugis, Mandar, Toraja, and Kajang has been built, and it worths to be appreciated. Each of these traditional houses is artistically designed and every unique from depicts the particular philosophy of each ethnic. As the center of culture and histopry, Sombo Opu is the right place to visit in the first stages for those who are interested to appreciate the culture of South Sulawesi.

Paotere Anchorage

Paotere is a traditional boat harbor.  There are various types of vessels in the anchorage.  There are Phinisi, lambo, baggo, and other types of boats. The scene will be magnificent in the late afternoon with the background of colorful sunset panorama. Paotere is located near a market (selling fruit, fish, and wood); therefore, Paotere is also known as a harbor market.

The main attraction of Paotere harbor is Phinisi,  the wel-known Bugis schooner. It transports various goods to and from Makassar. It is already a kind of symbol of acchivement of the Buginese in boat building. Phinisi can load up to 200 tons of cargo. Makassar, Bugis and Mandar ethnic groups are well-known as seafaring people. Their traditional sailing vessels since hundreds of years ago have already reached the island of Madagaskar near Africa, Australia and small islands in Pacific ocean. They are powerful mariners, both in war and peace, with their traditional sailing vessels and skills in determining the direction by looking up the clouds, identifying sea currents, the depth of the sea and dangerous coral by smelling the aroma of the sea.

Balla Lompoa 
This museum is a reconstruction of the old palace of the Gowa Kingdom, in wood construction which was built in 1939. It has been restored in 1978-1980. The museum displayed historical articles of the kingdom of Gowa such as manuscripts, music instrument, traditional dresses, weapons and various collection of ceremonial accessories of the kingdom.

The Cemetery of Sultan Hasanuddin
Sultan Hasanuddin (1629-1670) king of Gowa who spent his whole life fighting the Dutch. His cemetery is in the cemetery complex of the kings of Gowa. Including in this cemetary is a stone that was utilized as a place for inaugurations of the kings of Gowa, and an old mosque. The tombs of Gowa kings are large stones scattered among the fragrant white "Kamboja" flowers and the splenderous flaming scarlet flamboyant flowers. Outside the cemetery borders there is a stone from tomanurung on which all kings of Gowa were crowned. According to the legend of South Sulawesi Kings, they are the descendents of Tomanurung, who were sent from the sky to become kings. The mosque near this place was built in 1903 and restored in 1978.

Takapala Waterfall
It is located 4 kilometers East of Malino or 74 km from Makassar. The specific characteristic of the waterfall of being in the middle of the rice fields area.

Samalona Island
Samalona is a popular and pleasant spot for swimming and snorkeling. It is one of the coral islands off the coast of Ujung Pandang. The coral reef around the island is a superb underwater garden with magnificent coral formations of all types and color and a great variety of briliantly color tropical fish and marine life. This island, formerly was only accesible for members of elite clubs, is almost uninhabited. Facilities are available from some visitors who want to spend a night at the island.

Kayangan Island
Kayangan is a coral island close to the Makassar harbour which has been developed as a recreation center.  At weekends, special shows and entertainment are always programmed to please the visitors. There are regular boats ferrying people to Kayangan island.

Bantimurung

Bantimurung means "getting rid of sadness" in Indonesian language. Befitting its name, this slice of paradise in Sulawesi boasts intriguing caves, cascading falls and exotic butterflies. Bantimurung waterfalls are set amid lushly vegetated limestone cliffs. Bantimurung is crowded with Indonesians on weekends and holidays, and at other times it's a wonderful retreat from the congestion of Makassar

The Bantimurung Nature Reserve covers 1000 ha. It is about 45 km east of Makassar. There are many caves in these cliffs but apart from the scenery the area is also famous for its beautiful butterflies. The naturalist Alfred Wallace collected specimens here in the mid 1800's. Among the butterflies that he caught was the Papilo Androcles, one of the rarest and biggest, with a tail like a swallow. Today entomologists still come here to look at the butterflies and other insects. It is certainly a beautiful area, with white falls and bright butterflies. Nowadays Bantimurung is a protected area, but there are still kids besieging visitors with beautifully colored butterflies as souvenirs. The best time to see living butterflies is when the sun appears after a rain shower. They form a riot of color as they fly from one shrub to another.

Goa Mimpi
Goa Mimpi was discovered on 24th August 1986. That time there was an artist who was travelling inside Bantimurung Forest in order to find new inspirations, but he was lost for two days and two nights. Local people were trying to find him, but they failed (the artist could get back home by himself). The night on 24th August 1986 at 10.30 p.m., the local people found this cave. Actually the cave was named "Cave of Fantasy", but local people thought that the name was not suitable, so they changed it into "Cave of Dream" because they said that only in dreams people can see such  beautiful stalactites and stalagmites.   Goa Mimpi is located at the lower layer approximately 15 minutes walking and is situated around 15 meters below the height of Bantimurung Waterfall. 

Leang � Leang

Leang Leang dates back to the prehistoric culture of hunting and gathering. The people were from the Toalan culture, which existed from 5000-1000 BC. This was part of the Holocene period which was marked by the development of human culture. These Neolithic assemblages show Man was using tools and the babirusa paintings suggest evidence of pig domestication.

There are two caves of archaeological significance in the Leang Leang Park, the Pettae Cave and the Pettakere Cave. The Pettae cave was first studied in 1950. During the archaeological excavations, several stone artifacts were found, such as flakes, blades, arrow heads, neolithic axes etc., as well as animal bones. In the same year the cave paintings were also found.

The Pettakere Cave was only studied in 1973, by a British archaeologist. Again cultural artifacts were found, as well as a human skeleton. The cave walls have hand paintings, as well as the babirusa. In 1979 archaeologists from South Sulawesi continued the excavations.

These two Maros caves were probably used as shelters by these early people. A kitchen midden was found in one of the caves. Associated with this were shells, animal bones and skins, all leftovers of these prehistoric people's meals. Freshwater shells in particular, seem to have formed an important part of their diet.

These Neolithic paintings were the oldest known Indonesia, until French cavers found more ancient rock drawings in Kalimantan in the 1990s. Leang Leang is quite young in archaeological terms, being only some 5000 years old, as other caves in Sulawesi show evidence of human occupation from 31,000 years ago. 

The significance of these paintings to that early society is not known. We are not even sure how the artists reached some of the high level passages. It is likely that the more inaccessible caves were used as burial sites, as in the case of the famous Tana Toraja area, some 200km to the north.

The wall was covered with hand prints surrounded by a red blood-like colour. It looked like some gristly murder had taken place, the victim having placed his bloodied hands against the wall as some macabre event took place. In reality the hand prints are art. Ancient art.

The real scene is quite peaceful. A cave featuring prehistoric art, surrounded by rice paddies. This cave is part of the Leang Leang prehistory park in the Maros karst in southwest Sulawesi, Indonesia. The Leang Leang caves are noted for their rock paintings, thought to date back 5000 years.

The paintings are stencils of human hands, made by placing the hand up against the wall and then blowing a mixture of red ochre and water around them, leaving a negative image on the rock. I can imagine the artists having great fun as they created their handiwork � no pun intended!

Some hands face left, others face right. Apart from hands, the only other paintings are of a pig deer. This is the babirusa, an endemic wild deer-like pig, with long legs and tusks that curve upwards like horns.

Gua Pettae, which is basically just a chamber, containing the handprints.  To reach Gua Pettakere, one had to climb a steel ladder up 20m of cliff face to a higher entrance. Here there are about half a dozen hand stencils and a babirusa. There were a couple more chambers to the cave and a vertical rift passage. There were good views down over the valley and one could imagine prehistoric man living here in such beautiful surroundings.

Kapoposang Island
Excellent diving locations have recently been found throughout South Sulawesi. Among those growing in popularity is Kapoposan Island, just two hours by speedboat from Ujung Pandang. Kapoposan Island has remained very much in a pristine state, with a still-untouched barrie reef. Diveequipment may be rented in Ujung Pandang and lodging and food supplies will be found locally. A visit to Kapoposan Island may be combined with diving at locations in Baranglompo.

Ompo Hot Spring
Its one of the most beautiful towns is this province. Sometimes a flower stalk of orchids hangs over the veranda of the buildings in Soppeng. One of the characteristics of this town is the many bats there are in this town. The local myth said that if the bats leave the city of Soppeng, it will be destroyed. The cemetery of the kings is located around 800 meters from the center of the city. Near the city at Ompo there is a spring water source and a swimming pool that is always refilled every Friday with cool fresh water from the spring source. Silk is bred in Soppeng who is famous for its beautiful and colourful silk sarong.

Lejja Natural Swimming Pool
It is located in Bulue Village about 40 km from the capital town of Soppeng regency. This object is very interesting because it lies in the middle of the forest and consist of the three hot spring swimming pool and is surrounded by the hill. According to the local people belief that if someone takes a bath at the swimming pool, his/her disease will be cured.

Tempe Lake

The lake is the biggest low land lake on the island. It was once the source of fresh water fish. But years of environment change on it's neighbor made the Lake size shrinks every year. The main attraction on the Lake is the people's activity along the river bank to the lake. There are villages with mosques and schools. The boat trip to the lake through the river is interesting to be done in early of the morning or in the afternoon. It is the busiest time of the day as there are traffics of canoes which are now all of them are motorized. People bathing, washing cloths, brush teeth and at the same time in a bit hidden part people use the river as public toilet.
The typical boat of Tempe Lake is a long dugout canoe in length of about 5 meters made of whole tree trunk. The picture on this page shows the typical boat of Tempe, called Lopi. Unfortunately the Lopi of Tempe seems to be extinct very soon, as now people prefer to built canoe made of timber which the model is not the same as the typical Lopi of Tempe. It is now only about less than 30 Lopis in use in Tempe Lake.

Salo Tengangae - Floating Fisherman Village of Tempe Lake
This place is located in the middle of lake Temple. It can be easily reached by traditional boat, which take about one hour from the the Grand Mosque of Wajo. Along the trip we will be warmly welcomed by people who inhabit this area. in this place you can see various types of birds that flying and fetch on the grass or on the floating flowers. This floating fisherman area indeed very unique in nature, because, it is in this area that the owners of about 100 floating houses lives, and makes fishing as their daily activities in order to support their families. The fish they got from the lake are then be dried before they are brought to the market for sale.

Pare � pare
During the time of the Suppa kingdom was still powerfull, Pare-Pare was a part of its territory holding in important role in history. Portuguese sourcesstated that the king of Suppa and a part of their nobles had followed the Christian religion since 1543, around 60 years before Macassar became Moslems. There are many sceneries of the city and the bay that can be enjoyed from the hill in the north. The bay can also be seen from the sea. At these places you can also enjoy the sunset and the market at night. Pare Pare is the second largest harbour after Ujung Pandang. It is now famous as the important trading centre and mainport of call for tourists between Ujung Pandang and Toraja. There are many seafood restaurants that are recently built with reasonable meal price.

Buntu Kabobong

In the local language, Buntu Kabobong means erotic mountain due to the form that is made by the slope and valley of the hills. The villa for a short-while rest was built next to its presents drinks and panoramas that are beautiful of the surrounding area.

Lakawan
A real fascinating view is presented from this place. From the high place at the slope of the hill you can have a view downwards where the front slope of the limestone hill stands steep and remote.

Sa�dang River
The trip with a local boat along the largest Sa'dang river in South Sulawesi is another experience that is very gratifying after a long journey along the main road.

Mamasa
Meanwhile trekkers will find the three-day walk from Toraja to Mamasa (West Toraja) a journey back in time. While east Toraja has many tourists, Mamasa is still very much the way it always was � a more rugged version of Toraja. Less agricultural, and with higher mountains, the air is appreciably cooler and walking is a pleasure. Trails lead through isolated villages far off the tourist route where traditional houses still use attap roofs and funerary tombs are carved in the shape of buffaloes. The clacking of handlooms can be heard echoing through the hills. Those who prefer to visit in comfort can contact a tour company and visit Mamasa by car or minibus.

Kajang (Tana Toa)
Kajang people, subethnic group belonging to Makassar inhabit a special territory. The territory and the people are rather isolated from outside world. Their leader is called Ammatoa, who is the political religious leader and regarded as a holyman. Those who want to meet him must wear black shirt and sarong without footwear. They live in harmony with nature, no modern equipment and transportation such as cars allowed to get into the territory. The ceremonial face meeting with Ammatoa is a unique event. Amma Toa (old father) from the Konjo Hitam is regarded as the religious leader in that area and is feared because of his magical powers.

The Konjo people cluster consist of two groups, namely the Konjo Pegunungan (mountain) and the Konjo Pesisir (coastal). The Konjo Pesisir people (also known as Tiro) live in the districts of Kajang, Herlang, Bonto Tiro and Bonto Bahari in the southeast area of the Bulukumba Regency. The Konjo Pesisir speak the Konjo language in several dialects, namely Tana Toa, Konjo Hitam and Kajang. The Konjo Hitam (Black Konjo) people, who are included among the Konjo Pesisir, occupy an area to the west of Kajang. They choose to maintain the old ways of living, such as wearing black clothes, not being allowed to use tools, and practicing occultism as part of their animistic worship. These Konjo Hitam consider themselves the original inhabitants and regard their area as the center of traditional custom for all of the Konjo Pesisir. They have never had a king and do not follow a system of social stratification like other Konjo groups.
 
The Konjo Pesisir people are Muslims. However, animistic practices are still maintained, and the Islamic religious leader does not have much influence. The people choose him for leading religious ceremonies and duties in the mesjid (mosque).

Tana Beru
The village is welknown as the place where the Bugis tradtional boat builders stay. Phinisi   the welknwon typical Bugis schooner is built here. The village located just on the road heading to Bira Beach. The main activity of the people in Tana Beru is buiding boats in traditional shipyard. The traditional boat lovers from around the world order their boats built in here in the village.

Bira Beach

One of the finest beach with pure white sand in Indonesia. Located 180 km south of Makassar. It stretchs about 3 km in length. Bira beach is popular for locals as a weekend resort. There are hotels and homestay with

Selayar

Selayar which lies exactly at a trading route, leading to Mollucas (Maluku) because of that, the name of this area emerged in the history. The existence of an Old state Dongson" 2000 years in this island still remain a puzzle that has not been completely answered. Selayar was highly expected to keep up with the rapid development particularly during the fourteenth century, as stated in the history of Java Negarakartagama source. A great amount of Chinese ceramics and Swangkok that was great in that period has also been dug from the graves in that island. Moreover, there is another interesting aspect that left untouched, namely white sand beach, beach scenery, sea garden, and sea biota which is enriched by beautiful colorful fish and fascinating bright tropical sea with bio-ecological color are also found there.
 
 
 
 
 

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